Licencias y documentos para dar de alta un negocio en España

Requirements for Opening a Business Premises in Spain

When a company or self-employed individual decides to open a business premises, they may encounter various difficulties, such as the licenses needed to operate a business. The wide variety of municipal, regional, and state regulations does not make this task easier. For this reason, it is very common to decide to postpone the opening of the premises or to start working without the necessary authorizations, hoping that they will eventually be granted by the competent authority.

Next, we will analyze some of the licenses required to open a premises.

Opening License for Premises

This document certifies that a premises, warehouse, or office meets the necessary and appropriate conditions to carry out the activity for which it is intended, without causing inconvenience to third parties.

This license is granted by the City Council of the municipality where the premises is located, and the requirements vary from one place to another. The different conditions refer to technical, hygienic, urban, and environmental aspects. In addition, the regulations separate the activities that the premises will host into two categories: innocuous or unclassified activities and harmful or classified activities.

Unclassified Activities

These are activities that do not cause inconvenience to third parties or harm the environment. They are not considered harmful or dangerous to people or the environment; therefore, the application for the opening license will be simpler.

Classified Activities

These activities are those that may be annoying, unhealthy, or dangerous for both people and the environment. In this case, the application for the license, in addition to being more expensive, will involve a longer procedure.

Similarly, there are activities for which a license is not required, such as professional, artisanal, or artistic activities carried out in one’s own home, as long as they do not cause inconvenience to neighbors and there is no direct sale to the public on the premises.

Reports and Projects

To apply for the license, a technical report prepared by a professional, such as an architect, surveyor, or engineer, is required. The report must include the professional’s college stamp. The project should contain information about the establishment and the activity that will take place in it, such as plans, layout, renovations, installations, etc.

However, premises of less than 300 square meters can submit a responsible declaration to the City Council, instead of the opening license. In this declaration, the owner states that they comply with the urban and sectoral requirements specified by the regulations.

Construction License

If the premises needs to be adapted to operate the business, a construction license must be requested. A municipal technician will verify the works indicated in the responsible declaration and will check if they are suitable for the type of activity. Additionally, they will verify the accuracy of the amounts declared based on the work performed.

Registration in Records

Depending on the activity carried out, the entrepreneur must register in the corresponding registry.

Notification of Workplace Opening

In addition, in cases where the entrepreneur hires employees, they must notify the opening of the workplace, so that the Administration can monitor the safety and health conditions of the workers.

One of the most important things to consider when opening a business and marketing products or services is the brand. Finding the name of the business, the logo that represents it, the colors, etc. is not a simple task, so registering them should be a priority for the company.

Trademark Registration

One of the most important things to consider when opening a business and marketing products or services is the brand. Finding the name of the business, the logo that represents it, the colors, etc. is not a simple task, so registering them should be a priority for the company.

Requirements for Opening a Business in Spain

If you are characterized by being a person with an entrepreneurial spirit, it is very likely that one of your biggest goals or dreams is to open your own business. Do you know what the necessary requirements are to do so in Spain?

In this article, we will analyze the main requirements and steps to take to open a business in Spain. Keep reading and find out more!

Obtaining the Tax Identification Number (NIF)

The first step to open a business in Spain is to obtain the Tax Identification Number (NIF), which is the necessary tax identifier to operate legally. To obtain it, you must submit the application to the Tax Agency.

If you are a foreigner, you will need the Foreigner Identification Number (NIE) before applying for the NIF. It is important to have all the necessary documents and comply with the requirements established by the Tax Agency.

Choosing the Legal Form and Constitution of the Company

The next step is to choose the legal form under which your business will operate. In Spain, there are several options, such as self-employed, limited company (SL), or public limited company (SA), among others. Each legal form has its own characteristics and legal requirements.

Once you have chosen the legal form, you will need to proceed with the constitution of the company. This involves drafting and signing the social statutes, opening a bank account in the name of the company, and registering it in the corresponding Mercantile Registry.

Obtaining the Necessary Licenses and Permits

Depending on the type of business you want to undertake, you may need to obtain additional licenses and permits. Some commercial activities require specific authorizations, such as those related to food, health, education, transportation, among others.

Social Security and Hiring Employees

If you intend to hire employees, you must take into account the obligations related to Social Security. As an employer, you will be subject to contributions and contributions to Social Security.

Some Additional Procedures

In addition to the requirements mentioned above, you may need to comply with other additional procedures and requirements depending on your sector or geographical location. For example, obtaining civil liability insurance, registering in specific registers, or complying with environmental regulations.

Therefore, it is essential to research and obtain updated information on the specific procedures and requirements that apply to your business.

Secrets for Successful Business Opening in Spain – Step by Step Guide

Dreaming of the successful opening of your own business in Spain? You’re in the right place. In this detailed guide, we will break down the essential steps and key strategies to ensure success when venturing into the dynamic Spanish business market.

Research and Market Analysis

Before opening your business, conducting thorough market research is crucial. Analyze current trends, understand your competition, and identify opportunities to stand out in the Spanish market.

Strategic Planning

Business success begins with a solid strategic plan. Discover how to develop a plan that establishes clear goals, effective strategies, and an approach that sets you apart in the competitive business environment.

Legal Structure and Business Regulations in Spain

For a smooth opening, it is crucial to understand the various legal structures available and specific regulations in Spain. We will guide you to select the most suitable legal structure and comply with all regulations.

Choosing the right legal structure and understanding business regulations are fundamental steps when opening a business in Spain. In this comprehensive guide, we will break down everything you need to know about legal structure and specific regulations to ensure a successful and hassle-free opening.

Types of Legal Structures in Spain

Understanding different legal structures, from self-employed to limited companies, is essential. We will analyze each option, highlighting advantages and disadvantages, so you can make informed decisions aligned with your business goals.

Requirements and Legal Procedures for Opening

Delve into essential legal requirements for opening a business in Spain. From obtaining the NIF to registering with the Mercantile Registry, we will provide a detailed guide to efficiently comply with all legal procedures.

Labor Regulations and Social Security

Understanding labor regulations and social security obligations is crucial for any entrepreneur. We will explore how to comply with these regulations to ensure a fair work environment and meet legal obligations.

Fiscal Compliance and Accounting

Proper fiscal and accounting management is key to business success. We will provide practical advice on how to comply with fiscal obligations, carry out effective accounting, and optimize your business’s financial situation.

Industry-Specific Regulations

Certain industries have specific regulations. We will guide you on how to identify and comply with industry-specific regulations to avoid legal issues and ensure compliance.

Understanding the legal structure and business regulations in Spain is essential to establish a solid foundation for your business. Follow this step-by-step guide to ensure that your business opening proceeds without legal complications.

Registration Process and Initial Procedures

From obtaining the NIF to registering with Social Security, we will provide a step-by-step guide to complete the initial procedures and register your business effectively.

Opening a business in Spain involves navigating through a series of procedures and registration processes. In this guide, we will provide a comprehensive overview of the registration process and initial procedures, ensuring that you can establish your business efficiently and comply with all legal formalities.

Obtaining the Tax Identification Number (NIF)

The NIF is essential for any business in Spain. Discover how to obtain it, the necessary documents, and the precise steps to ensure a quick and hassle-free acquisition.

Choosing the Business Name and Mercantile Registry Registration

Selecting a unique business name is crucial. We will explore how to choose an effective name, register your company with the Mercantile Registry, and ensure compliance with legal requirements.

Registration with Social Security and Employee Hiring

For entrepreneurs planning to hire, we will guide you through the Social Security registration process, complying with labor obligations and ensuring legal and ethical hiring.

Licenses and Necessary Permits

Each business has specific requirements for licenses and permits. Identify those applicable to your industry and learn how to obtain them to operate legally and avoid future issues.

Opening Process of Business Bank Account

A business bank account is essential. We will break down the requirements and the process to open an account that facilitates your business’s financial management from the beginning.

The registration process and initial procedures may seem overwhelming, but with this step-by-step guide, you can navigate them with confidence. Follow these steps to ensure that your business is registered correctly and ready to operate in Spain.

Financial Management and Growth Strategies

Maintain financial control from the beginning. Discover best practices for financial management and growth strategies that will drive the continuous success of your business in the Spanish market.

Marketing Strategies and Market Presence

To stand out in Spain, you need a strong market presence. Learn effective marketing strategies and tips to build and maintain an online presence that attracts customers and fosters success.


The successful opening of businesses in Spain requires a strategic approach and meticulous planning. Follow this step-by-step guide to ensure a solid and sustainable start in the Spanish business market.

This site is registered on as a development site. Switch to a production site key to remove this banner.